Introduction to Atomic Physics (applications to frequency metrology)
Paragrafo

COURSE HOLDER
Salvatore Micalizio

COURSE DESCRIPTION
The course aims to provide some basic concepts of atomic physics and illustrate their application to frequency metrology. We will describe the main phenomena related to the radiation-matter interaction, including the most advanced techniques for manipulating and cooling atoms.

COURSE TOPICS
Classical atom-field interaction
The end of classical physics
Postulates of Quantum Mechanics
Schrodinger equation for the Hydrogen atom
Matrix formulation of Quantum Mechanics
Two-level atom: the Rabi problem
The Bloch sphere
Density operator and density matrix
Optical Bloch Equations: dynamics and steady state
Attenuation of light: Lambert-Beer law
Ramsey interaction
Three level systems
Lambda Scheme: Coherent Population Trapping (CPT)
Doppler broadening of spectral lines
Laser cooling of atoms
INRIM atomic clocks

HOURS
18

FREQUENCY
Annual

TEACHING PERIOD
Spring

LEVEL
Basic