Quantum many-body theory
Quantum many-body theory simulation spin quantum optics

Low-temperature atomic systems manifest phenomena that are strikingly different from classical mechanics. Quantum mechanics implies that energy levels are discrete and this is the foundation of the current definition of the second.

Accuracy and precision of optical clocks are entering a regime where not only single-atom quantum mechanics is crucial, but also quantum many-body phenomena play a relevant role. When going beyond mean-field or perturbative theoretical approaches, their study generically requires massively parallel computation on HPC resources.